According to the latest estimates of UNICEF’s Monitoring Program for Water Supply and Sanitation, 32% of the world’s population or 2.4 billion people are lacking toilet facilities, and 663 million people still use unimproved drinking water sources in 2015.
Northern Ghana poses many challenges to the people who live there and depend on subsistence farming as their sole source of income. Most of the challenges in these communities’ stem from the lack of accessibility and degradation of the environment. That is, from a physical perspective, the lack of access to clean water, sanitation, adequate nutrition, health services, education, ecological sustainability, and grid electricity are significant factors that challenge rural farming communities resulting in lost opportunity and feelings of hopelessness.
Water and Sanitation
The drinking water supply and sanitation sector in Ghana face many challenges, including very limited access to sanitation, intermittent supply, high water losses and low water pressure. The water supply and sanitation infrastructure is insufficient, especially in rural areas and concerning sanitation. The latest report by the United Nation indicates that approximately 80% of Ghana has access to clean water. However, most of those who have access are in urban communities.
Clean water is essential to…
Inadequate access to safe water and sanitation services, coupled with poor hygiene practices, kills and sickens thousands of children every day, and leads to impoverishment and diminished opportunities for thousands more. Poor sanitation, water, and hygiene have many other serious effects.
According to WHO/UNICEF, poor sanitation and water cause 28% of child deaths, and safe sanitation and water are proven and cost-effective interventions. On the other hand, safe sanitation and water could prevent nine out of ten cases of diarrhoea, and simply using a safe toilet can reduce the incidence of diarrhoea by nearly 40%. Safe sanitation also significantly reduces other leading causes of child deaths, such as under nutrition and pneumonia. Thus, addressing access to sanitation is key to reducing child mortality by two-thirds.
…a quality education
Children, and particularly girls, are denied their right to education because their schools lack private and decent sanitation facilities. Women are forced to spend large parts of their day fetching water. Poor farmers and wage earners are less productive due to illness; health systems are overwhelmed and national economies suffer.
…a thriving economy
water as resource for small businesses, more time in day, jobs = well drillers, mechanics, community outreach